July 1918

Strikes and labor unrest are compounded by the spread of influenza. Factories  (July 1) and mines (July 2) are closed in England due to influenza, munitions workers strike in Birmingham, England (July 30), in Frankfurt, Germany a third of the factory workers are absent due to the flu (July 14). President Wilson seeks to takeover the telegraphs to ensure national security (July 1). The War Labor Board finalizes rules for women in the workforce (July 22).

The German Army has halted another offensive strike due to the number of troops that are sick with influenza (July 2). The Committee on Public Information issues a widely reproduced article that wants not to depend on German weakness, but on American strength (July 18). Germany restricts the publication of the numbers affected (July 11, 14, 26), the Swiss Army reports 109 dead from influenza (July 24) and 11,500 sick. The Red Cross commits $100K (600K francs) to relief in Switzerland (July 25). The medical corps have to add 3 special influenza hospitals for 6 troop transports heading for Scandinavia, 125 officers and 1000 enlisted are sick (July 17).

New York's leading public health physicians describe the widespread influenza in the city as a mild variant of the 1889 grippe (July 16). Annie Daniel, MD notes that a child born on the New York City East Side has a mortality rate six times higher than a soldier at the front (July 21). Physicians report that influenza has reached Belfast, Ireland, but never reached alarming proportions (July 27). German cities experience typhus and malaria outbreaks in addition to the influenza (July 26).

Herbert Hoover, the US food administrator, argues the war is being won by American agriculture, and its ability to feed the Allies (July 23). The Senate blocks an attempt to attach attach the Prohibition amendment to the emergency food bill (July 11).